Denver is the capital and largest city of the US state of Colorado. It covers an area of 401.3 km2 and has a population of about 600,000. It is the 27th most populated city in the USA. However, the entire Denver metropolitan area has a population of nearly 3 million and is the 17th most populous in the United States. The city is an important economic and commercial center of the area.
The first mention of Denver dates back to 1858 and was written by Prospector William Russell, who became famous in this area as a gold discoverer. The discovery of gold nuggets in Cherry Creek led to the establishment of the mining settlement of Denver. However, the settlement was not very habitable, so not many people lived here. Once the gold was found elsewhere, most of the gold diggers left the settlement and moved there. Over time, Denver became a more settled area that many gold diggers did not inhabit.
General William Larimer designated the city in Denver City in honor of Kansas Governor James W. Denver. This original city name was later abbreviated to Denver and this name is still used today. Here and there, the city is still historically called the Queen City of the Plains. It has a significant position in agriculture not only in Colorado, but in the entire United States. At the beginning of the 20th century, the city was home to the pioneers of the automotive industry. Colburn cars, which were period copies of Renault vehicles, were produced here. In honor of the city, several US Army ships were named USS Denver.
According to EHUACOM, Denver has twice hosted the Democratic National Convention. The first time in 1908 and the second time exactly one hundred years later, in 2008. In 1976, the city was chosen as the organizer of the Winter Olympics. In the same year, the celebrations of the 100th anniversary of the state of Colorado were to take place at the same time. However, the public was bothered by the payment of the Olympic Games from public funds, so Denver eventually gave up their organization in favor of Innsbruck, Austria. Denver failed to regain the Olympics in the following years. This was particularly useful for the “anti-Olympics movement”, which raised the issue of environmental protection. The movement was led by Richard Lamm, who was later governor of Colorado for 12 years, and so the opportunity to hold games in Denver was definitely lost.
Denver is surrounded by the Rocky Mountains, which are a popular tourist destination and which affect the weather in the city. Denver otherwise has a semi-desert climate where four seasons alternate. The average temperature in Denver is 10.1 ° C and the average annual rainfall is 402 mm. In the season, the first snow usually appears around October 19 and last snowed on about April 27, on average it falls on a total of 156 cm during the winter.
There are also many attractive attractions right in the city. Interesting is, for example, the city park Civic Center Park, at the end of which is the Colorado History Museum, where you will learn all sorts of information about the history of the city and the whole state. The city center is the Lower Downtown, also called “LoDol”, which together with Larimer Square is a popular area. Denver is close to Central City and Georgetown with its famous Devils Gate High Brigde Bridge, under which Clear Creek flows.
Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site
In the state of Colorado, one of the worst battles in the history of settlement in America took place at a place called Sand Creek. On November 29, 1864, American troops clashed with the Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians.
It was these two Native American tribes that signed an agreement with the United States in the past, where they agreed to move to Native American reservations in the south of the country and the United States to submit their territory. In the 1950s and 1960s, a gold rush broke out in the area and the local gold diggers often came into crosses with local Indians. They didn’t like the way whites treated nature and plundered the surroundings. These disagreements eventually resulted in the Colorado War in 1864-1865, which killed many Indians and white miners.
Eventually, Governor John Evans decided to call on the help of Colonel John Chivington, who was tasked with calming the unruly Indian population. The volunteers, led by the colonel, set out to attack the members of the two Indian tribes. At that time, they also killed more than 450.
After this massacre, Native American tribes came together to face the influx of Americans into their territories. At that time, the Lakota chief, the Red Cloud, became the leader of the Indians, and in most other battles, the Indians were still winning. The American public immediately called for a solution to the Indian question as soon as possible. Eventually, the war ended with the signing of a peace treaty at Laramie Fortress on November 6, 1868. Before signing the treaty, however, the Red Cloud Indian chief had a condition that the U.S. military must empty all forts in the area and close the road. The government met the conditions and the fighting was over.
Chief Red Cloud then, along with his fighters, set fire to Phil Kearny and CF Smith to prove the victory of the Indians. Sand Creek thus made history as one of the few battles won by the Indian population.