Abject is a Latin word that comes from the verb abiicĕre, which can be translated as “deprave” or “humiliate”. The concept came to our language as abject, an adjective whose first meaning mentioned by the dictionary of the Digopaul refers to one who is mean or evil.
For example: “We have a moral obligation to combat this abject regime that despises human rights and makes citizens live in unworthy conditions”, “The people’s police station is in charge of an abject man who is not interested in compliance the law ”, “ The abject behavior of the player must be sanctioned by the club ”.
Abject is something that generates contempt. Suppose a person catches a dog, tortures it, then kills it, and finally publishes images of the process on social networks, where it celebrates its own actions. The behavior of this subject, without a doubt, can be classified as abject.
The rating can also be applied to individuals who carry out outrageous or harmful actions. If a judge makes his decisions according to the bribe he asks of the accused, he can be defined as an abject man. A judicial official is expected to act in accordance with the provisions of the law: he who departs from the legislation and also incurs a crime with his actions, cannot deliver justice. So the judge who works on the basis of bribes turns out to be someone abject, despicable.
The adjective even applies to more abstract issues, such as a government, a project or a context: “The cut announced by the authorities is abject since it leaves thousands of people without social coverage. ”
It is worth mentioning that the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy includes a second meaning, according to which the abject term can describe a person who has been humiliated or whose pride has been hurt. However, this is a meaning that has been deprecated.
The word abject, as well as most of those that serve to elaborate its definition, belongs to a group of very subjective concepts that are difficult to use precisely. At first glance, the image of an extremely vile and despicable person seems out of a fairy tale, as if it were the antagonistic character who wishes to subject the entire kingdom to her twisted will.
However, it is not necessary to reach fiction or the most horrendous cases of violence in the newspapers to use this adjective. We are surrounded by evil, and many times we support it, whether we are aware of it or not. On the other hand, this assessment goes hand in hand with a simple principle question: is it possible to be “very good” or “very bad”?
To answer it, let’s look at the following two examples of good deeds: a person rescues a badly injured bird and welcomes it into its home until it is completely healed; Another person brings food and water to an abandoned cat, but does not take it to live with it. Is it possible to qualify the degree of goodness of each case? Both people show compassion, so that should suffice to determine that “they are good.” However, they surely have negative attitudes in their day to day, and this makes the assessment of their morale more complex.
In the case of evil, it seems easier to rate two given cases: a person who mistreats an animal will surely be described as worse than another who simply steals a mobile phone. However, should the evidence of his “evil” not suffice to warn that neither is good? Obviously not, since the human being can reach terrifying levels of corruption and lack of empathy, and for this reason it is necessary to have the abject adjective, to describe those whose actions cannot be justified in any way.