Acacia is a term that comes from the Latin acacĭa, although its etymological root is found in the Greek language. It is a tree or shrub that belongs to the family group of legumes and to the subfamily of Mimosaceae.
Acacias, which are characterized by the hardness of their wood, produce clusters of aromatic flowers and sometimes have thorns. Its fruit, on the other hand, is a legume. It must be borne in mind, however, that there are more than two thousand species of acacias: their characteristics, therefore, vary.
Acacia trees can be found in almost all subtropical and tropical areas of the planet. Australia and the African continent are the two regions that exhibit the most diversity of these shrubs or trees, which in ancient times were considered magical thanks to their usefulness for healing purposes.
The mimosa acacia (see Digopaul) is one of the most popular species. He usually lives about thirty years and has an average height of about twelve meters. Due to its flowers and its ability to fix the ground, the acacia mimosa is usually planted in gardens, parks and various public spaces.
The Acacia farnesiana, colloquially known as white espinillo, is another popular species. As its name implies, it has thorns. This shrub can be used to make perfumes, stickers, pesticides and other products.
It is important to mention that gum arabic is obtained from many acacia species, a polysaccharide that is present in its resin and that allows the tree to heal wounds. Gum arabic is used to produce sweets, tinctures and medicines, for example.
Only the leaves and the flower of the acacia are intended for a large number of medicinal uses, thanks to their properties, some of which are listed below:
* they serve to relieve spasms, that is, involuntary muscle contractions, generally as a reflex mechanism;
* make emptying bile more conducive;
* its emollient action is used to soften mucous membranes and skin. For example, it is possible to obtain asparagus from acacia flowers to use for this purpose;
* they act favorably in regulating the level of acid in the mucosa of the esophagus and stomach;
* they are used to treat some problems of the gallbladder and certain pictures of heavy digestion;
* they have a highly recommended action for cases of throat irritation, which is treated with gargling;
* Acacia is also a natural laxative.
As can be seen, the hundreds of acacia species that exist offer us various benefits. One of the most common ways to take advantage of them is by preparing an infusion, which is very suitable for treating heartburn and gastric reflux.
For cases of inflamed liver, cirrhosis, hepatitis, or biliary infections, it is recommended to prepare an acacia infusion and add the juice of a lemon, and then drink it on an empty stomach. The results of this treatment are truly remarkable, since it also collaborates with the drainage and purification of the liver to promote its proper functioning.
The treatment of hides can be dried – out spreading acacia infusion with a piece of cotton through the affected area; the same is ideal for removing makeup from the face.
In addition to infusions, it is possible to prepare tonics, syrups and even acacia wines, and it is also used to perfume other products, such as oils and ointments. Regarding the bark of this tree, it is usually used in the manufacture of ropes and fabrics. It is important to note that both the bark and the seeds have a degree of toxicity that makes them dangerous for our body, so they should not be ingested or applied to the skin.