Originating from a Greek word that derived from the Latin term academia, an academy is a scientific, literary, or artistic society established with public authority.
The word arises in Greece from the mythological hero Akademos, who had a house with a garden, a park and a gym in northeast Athens, land that was acquired by the well-known philosopher Plato in 384 BC for the purpose of teaching science. natural, dialectical and mathematical.
In 529, the Byzantine emperor Justinian I decreed the closure of this institution because he considered it pagan. Until that date, the philosophical school founded by Plato had been evolving, so it can be distinguished between old academy, second academy and new academy.
The academy is a professional, artistic, technical or practical educational establishment. They are generally related to training in foreign languages and computer science, and tend to carry out aggressive advertising campaigns. Many people consider that in order to learn something, it is necessary to be supervised by a teacher, and that if a degree is received at the end of the course, it is more valid. It is thanks to this conception of the study that many academies that offer mediocre services at excessive prices subsist.
Taking programming as an example, it is a discipline that requires a lot of study and dedication; not only does it entail the learning of several languages and its consequent practice so as not to forget the syntax of each one, but it implies constant research to keep abreast of technological advances and share knowledge with other programmers. However, many people do not know the passion and dedication necessary to dedicate themselves to this field and believe that an intensive course is sufficient.
The notion is also used to name the board attended by arts and science fans. In the field of painting and sculpture, the academy is the study of a whole and naked figure, taken from life and not part of a composition.
On the other hand, Academia is the name by which Racing Club is known, an Argentine club based in the city of Avellaneda (Province of Buenos Aires). It was founded on March 25, 1903 and acquired the nickname after obtaining nine titles (seven consecutive) in the amateur era and becoming the first Argentine team of the professional era to achieve a three-time local championship.
Within the world of music, the National Academy of Santa Cecilia is an institution based in Rome that has seen many of the world’s most important figures, such as Cecilia Bartoli and Sumi Jo, pass through the classrooms of its conservatory, and whose orchestra participates in renowned recordings by directors of the stature of Myung-whun Chung. Its foundation dates back to 1585 and is named after the patron saint of music, whose day of birth (November 22) was adopted internationally as Music Day.
Another academy of great international recognition is the Royal Spanish Academy, whose acronym is RAE, and is just one of the twenty-two cultural institutions that make up the Association of Academies of the Spanish Language. Its main objective consists of an in-depth study of the linguistic differences between the Spanish-speaking countries in order to try to unify the use of the Spanish language, constantly adapting it to social trends, as happened with the word «yogourt» (originally a Turkish term and later adopted by France), which was accepted as “yogurt” given the difficulty of most Spanish speakers in pronouncing it and remembering its spelling.