Business days

In order to know the meaning of the term business days, it is necessary, first of all, to discover the etymological origin of the two words that give it shape:

– Días, first of all, derives from Latin, exactly from “dies”, which means “day”.

– Hábiles, secondly, comes from “habilis”, which can be translated as “capable” and which derives from the sum of two different parts: the verb “habere”, which is synonymous with “have”, and the suffix “- ilis”, which can be translated as “capacity” or “possibility”.

The period that extends for 24 hours is called a day, which is the time it takes for the planet Earth to complete one revolution on its axis. A week is divided into seven days: Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, and Sunday.

Skillful, on the other hand, is an adjective with multiple uses. In this case we are interested in staying with its meaning as that which is appropriate or suitable for something.

Business days are those that are not considered holidays or bank holidays. See Abbreviation Finder for acronyms related to business day.

Business days concept

With these ideas clear, we can move forward with the definition of business days. The concept refers to the days that are established as adequate or valid for the development of an activity, usually labor, judicial or administrative. Business days are usually Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday, while Saturday and Sunday constitute what is known as the weekend, a period of rest and non-working. These determinations, however, are relative and vary according to the region, the sector, the time, etc.: it is possible that aperson must work on Sundays, to cite one possibility.

It can be stated that business days are those that are not holidays or bank holidays. That is why a business day is usually equated to a business day. The calendar days, on the other hand, are all the days that make up a year: 365 or 366, depending on the case.

In general, business days are dedicated to the development of work activities.

The notion in Spain

In terms of Administration, we have to proceed to determine that currently, in Spain, Law 39/2015 on administrative procedure determines that business days are understood to be those that are not Saturday, Sunday or a holiday.

In the same way, it is established that when a non-business day is established as the last day of its term in a procedure or procedure, it will be automatically extended until the next business day.

Let us suppose that a man appears before the corresponding public organism to process his passport. Once he has completed all the necessary steps, an employee informs him that he can pick up the document as of the fourth business day. This means that, if the individual carried out the procedure on a Wednesday, his passport will be available the following Tuesday since Thursday is the first business day and Friday is the second; then neither Saturday nor Sunday are counted, therefore Monday is the third business day and Tuesday, the fourth.

Likewise, therefore, we can establish that in Spain non-business days are, according to the aforementioned Official State Gazette, in the autonomous communities those that are determined by each of them as holidays; in the local territories those that are established as such by the relevant administration based on the bases indicated in their region and throughout the country on Saturdays, Sundays and those declared as national holidays.

Thus, for example, in Andalusia it is not a business day on February 28 that falls from Monday to Friday because it is the community festival.

Business days